Nazi focus camp guard, 100, probed: ‘Do you’ve a soul?’ | World | Information


Josef Sch.

100-year-old Nazi focus camp guard probed: ‘Do you’ve a soul?’ (Picture: Reuters)

From a younger age, Josef Sch. wished to affix Schutzstaffel (SS), the organisation beneath Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Celebration in Nazi Germany. Throughout World Warfare 2, he labored within the Sachsenhausen focus camp throughout the Holocaust and is presently on trial.

He faces prices of aiding and abetting homicide in a minimum of 3,500 circumstances throughout the interval that noticed round two-thirds of Europe’s Jewish inhabitants being murdered.

Throughout his trial, Chief Public Prosecutor Cyrill Klement learn out the fees dealing with the defendant.

He spoke of the hundreds of lives that had been taken from these prisoned within the Sachsenhausen camp by means of completely different means.

These included the aiding and abetting homicide in a minimum of 3,518 circumstances and insidious shootings at a neck capturing facility.

Sachsenhausen concentration camp

A gate on the Sachsenhausen focus camp memorial (Picture: Getty Pictures)

Moreover, permitting individuals to starve to demise and die from untreated illnesses had been additionally included within the indictment.

Cyrill Klement, the prosecutor, described the occasions which noticed the deaths of hundreds throughout the years 1941 to 1945 when he learn the indictment.

He highlighted that Josef Sch. in his place as guard turned a part of the “killing system”.

The investigator stated: “The defendant supported this knowingly and willingly a minimum of by means of the conscientious train of guard obligation, which was seamlessly built-in into the killing system.”

The trial, which has been ongoing since final Thursday, sees the previous guard having to reply to the Neuruppin Regional Court docket for his work within the focus camp.

A poorly transformed courtroom has been erected in a gymnasium on the outskirts of town of Brandenburg / Havel, so {that a} jury chamber can meet as shut as doable to the defendant’s place of residence.

READ MORE: Nazi focus camp secretary charged

Sachsenhausen control tower

A management tower on the former focus camp Sachsenhausen (Picture: Getty Pictures)

Through the studying of the indictment, the prosecutor reported on the Soviet prisoners of battle, tons of of whom had been murdered each month, and Josef Sch. confirmed that he was not detached to the horrors being mentioned.

The previous guard is claimed to have seemed on the floor, seemed to the aspect, fiddled along with his sleeves and moved his arms.

For a number of a long time Josef Sch. has remained silent about his time as a part of the SS and his function guarding individuals within the focus camp who had been about to be murdered.

Through the trial 100-year-old Leon Schwarzbaum, a former occupant of the Sachsenhausen camp was current sitting in a wheelchair within the transformed fitness center, and informed the courtroom concerning the life and demise of his household in focus camps.

Mr Schwarzbaum got here from Berlin and survived a number of focus camps, together with the Auschwitz extermination camp, and was held at Sachsenhausen too, however after the defendant’s service.

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Leon Schwarzbaum

The Holocaust survivor Leon Schwarzbaum attended the trial (Picture: Reuters)

Earlier than the trial he stated: “It’s the final trial for my mates, acquaintances and family members who’ve been murdered, during which the final offender will probably be convicted, hopefully.”

Later within the trial, the previous guard claimed that he was harmless and “did nothing in any respect”.

He additionally claimed that he by no means entered the camp, however in line with recordsdata acquired by Welt am Sonntag, a German Sunday newspaper, his declare was “unfounded”.

In keeping with the prosecution’s investigations, Josef Sch. joined the SS voluntarily and was a part of the guards from December 1941 onwards.

In recordsdata acquired by the Germany-based information outlet, it was recognized that Josef Sch. began his service at a time when the brutality within the camp was growing.

The previous SS guard has remained silent on the allegations dealing with him, and utilised his transient introduction on Friday to replicate on his life historical past, with no point out of his time on the camp.

Sachsenhausen entrance

The doorway to the previous focus camp Sachsenhausen (Picture: Getty Pictures)

Throughout his introduction, he known as himself “Josi”, reported on his captivity in Siberia from 1945 to 1947 and talked about his wedding ceremony in 1956 and his “fairly women” – his two daughters.

Statements had been heard from the sons of two murdered prisoners, and co-prosecutor Mehmet Daimagüler defined that the statements present how traumatised the households had been after the battle because of the lack of their fathers.

One in every of these is 84-year-old Chris Heijer, son of a Dutch resistance fighter who was shot in Sachsenhausen, and on the finish of his testimony, Mr Heijer addressed Josef Sch by asking: “How will you sleep peacefully after the battle when a lot weighs in your conscience?

“Have you ever by no means felt how a lot improper you’ve finished? Do you’ve a soul and emotions?”

The accused remained immobile, following which Mr Heijer answered the query himself by saying: “I do not suppose so.”

Further reporting by Monika Pallenberg

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